Το όρος Φούτζι (富士山,Fuji-san) ή Φουτζι-γιάμα είναι το ψηλότερο βουνό της Ιαπωνίας, με υψόμετρο της κορυφής του πάνω από το επίπεδο της θάλασσας 3.776 μέτρα (πάνω από 850 μέτρα ψηλότερο από τον Όλυμπο). Το Φούτζι είναι ένα ηφαίστειο δυτικά του Τόκιο, από όπου είναι ορατό τις καθαρές ημέρες. Η έκτασή του μοιράζεται μεταξύ των νομών Σιζουόκα και Γιαμανάσι.
Sunset on Mount Fuji, from Tokyo, Shinjuku area.
Fuji-san is sometimes referred to as «Fujiyama» in some Western texts, but this reading is not correct in standard Japanese.
In Nihon-shiki and Kunrei-shiki romanization, the name is transliterated as Huzi. Other Japanese names for Mt. Fuji, which have become obsolete or poetic, include Fuji-no-Yama (ふじの山, the Mountain of Fuji), Fuji-no-Takane (ふじの高嶺, the High Peak of Fuji), Fuyō-hō (芙蓉峰, the Lotus Peak), and Fugaku (富岳 or 富嶽, the first character of 富士, Fuji, and 岳, mountain).
The current kanji for Mount Fuji, 富 and 士, mean wealth or abundant and a man with a certain status respectively, but these characters are probably ateji; the characters were likely selected because their pronunciations match the syllables of the name, and do not carry a particular meaning.
The origin of the name Fuji is unclear. An early folk etymology claims that Fuji came from 不二 (not + two), meaning without equal or nonpareil. Another claims that it came from 不尽 (not + exhaust), meaning neverending. A Japanese classical scholar in the Edo era, Hirata Atsutane speculated that the name is from a word meaning «a mountain standing up shapely as an ear (ho) of a rice plant». A British missionary John Batchelor (1854-1944) argued that the name is from the Ainu word for ‘fire’ (fuchi) of the fire deity (Kamui Fuchi), which was denied by a Japanese linguist Kyōsuke Kindaichi (1882-1971) on the grounds of phonetic development (sound change).
It is also pointed out that huchi means an ‘old woman’ and ape is the word for ‘fire’, ape huchi kamuy being the fire deity. Research on the distribution of place names that include fuji as a part also suggest the origin of the word fuji is in the Yamato language rather than Ainu. A Japanese toponymist Kanji Kagami argued that the name has the same root as ‘wisteria‘ (fuji) and ‘rainbow’ (niji, but with an alternative word fuji), and came from its «long well-shaped slope».
A text of the Tale of the Bamboo Cutter says that the name came from «immortal» (不死, fushi, fuji?) and also from the image of abundant (富, fu?) soldiers (士, shi, ji?), ascending the slopes of the mountain.
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useful links / χρήσιμοι σύνδεσμοι:
Shizuoka prefecture Fujisan view system
Online magazine to various aspects of Mt. Fuji
TierraWiki.org: Mount Fuji on TierraWiki
Live Webcams of Mt. Fuji
Satellite picture by Google Maps
Mount Fuji travel guide from Wikitravel
PDMZ.com’s year-round pictures of Mt. Fuji
Travel & Climb Mt.Fuji
Kawaguchi Lake Immersive Virtual Tour
Mount Fuji Travel & Climbing Guide @ Picturetokyo.com Information & Guides
Mt. Fuji as viewed from Lake Tanuki
Mt. Fuji as viewed from Biodiversity Center of Japan
The latest Mt. Fuji
Pictures of routes up Mt. Fuji
Pictures, video, and story of U.S. Marines hiking up Mount Fuji
Topographic map (1:25,000)
Mount Fuji Guide – Travel & Climbing Guide for Mount Fuji
«A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step.» — Lao Tzu
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