Enna Hills, Sicily, Italy


Sicily Enna Hills (Landscape), originally uploaded by artdikov.

The «Belvedere» (panoramic viewpoint) or the «Ombelico» (navel) or even, Urbs Inexpugnabilis, as it was called by the Romans. Enna is known by many different names due to its geographic central position on the summit of a rock, defensive in past times and capable of offering incredible views to modern day visitors.
Enna was inhabited as early as the Stone Age by the Sicani, a population with non indo-European origins, who were present in Sicily since pre-history. A village, a necropolis and a temple dating back to the Neolithic era, have been discovered from these far off times
With the arrival first of the Siculi (15th Century BC) and then the Greeks (9th Century BC), the political situation changed and the City began to mint Greek currency, as far back as the 5th Century.
It became a Syracuse ally against the Carthaginians, but in 397 BC, it saw a Syracuse feud under Dionysius I (Dionysius the Elder) and in 307 it was overtaken by the tyrant Agatocle.

In 259 BC, it was overtaken by the Carthaginians, then liberated by the Romans a year later. In 212 BC it passed over definitively to Rome.
At this point, there was the First Servile War (139-132 BC), led by the Syrian slave Eunus, who surrendered to the Romans, only after 2 years of siege.

After the fall of Rome and the devastation of the Vandali, Enna was run by the Byzantines, until it once again changed hands and was overtaken by the Arabs (859).
With the arrival of the Normans in Sicily (1070), Enna became the last stronghold of Arabic resistance until the end of 1087, the year it was yielded by Ruggero d’Altavilla.
Under the Normans, the Swabians and the Aragonese, the city was fortified by erecting defensive fortresses and its development was continuous until the end of the 17th Century, when it saw the beginning of a slow decline.
In 1860 Enna, after having actively participated in the cause for unification, became part of the Reign of Italy.

It was from the Medieval period that the town-planning began, which is still present today, apart from the walls, which are unfortunately no longer there.
The beautiful Lombardia (Lombardy) Castle was constructed during the Swabian period. It is astonishing for its integrity and size. Pietro III d’Aragona (Peter 3rd of Aragon) chose it as his Enna residence. The Torre di Federico II (Tower) (13th Century) is just as fascinating. It is 24 metres high with vaulted ceilings. The Palazzo Pollicarini (15th Century) is also beautiful with its Spanish influences.

Amongst the religious buildings not to missed are: the Duomo, constructed in 1307 on the wishes of Queen Eleonora d’Aragona, preserving precious paintings in its interior and the Alessi Museum; as well as the Church of Saint Francis of Assisi (14th Century), the Baroque style of Saint Joseph and the ex church of Saint John the Baptist with its beautiful gothic bell tower (15th Century).

«A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step.» — Lao Tzu
Copyright © Demetrios the Traveler


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About brexians

Demetrios Georgalas (A Surviving Globalization Consultant) was born in 1961 in Bern and grew up in Athens. In1985, graduated from Surrey University with a Tourism Management BSc (Hons). In 1998, graduated from LMTB under Freie Universitat Berlin, with a Diploma Lasers in Medicine. His professional career was started in the private sector and at the same time he created his first consulting company D+G Consultants Inc. Worked for major multinationals in Greece and abroad (FMCGs / Pharmaceuticals / Tourism). Demetrios Georgalas, having established also Travelling 2 Greece a destination management company, while with the D+G Consultants working in the areas of BTL and special marketing projects. He is activated except from Greece in the Balkans and in Turkey, consulting his clientele with new innovative proposals. Apart from his enterprising activities, he dabbles at blogging, travelling and cooking while he is married and has two children. In conclusion Demetrios Georgalas is an Athenian, Greek, Agnostic, Traveller, & Liberal he likes sci-fi, photography, blogging, travelling and cooking and if you like fascism or any kind of dogma, keep out! Δημήτρης Κ. Γεωργαλάς Γεννήθηκε στην Αθήνα το 1961, σπούδασε Τουριστική Διαχείριση στο Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο και κατέχει μεταπτυχιακό τίτλο στην Βιοτεχνολογία. Έχει εργαστεί σε μεγάλα τουριστικά γραφεία του εσωτερικού, και σε πολυεθνικές σε Ελλάδα και Εξωτερικό, στο χώρο των φαρμάκων, των ιατρικών μηχανημάτων και των FMCG’s. Από το 2001 είναι ελεύθερος επαγγελματίας, με δραστηριότητα στην διαχείριση προορισμού, τον θεματικό τουρισμό και τις ειδικές ενέργειες marketing. Είναι παντρεμένος και πατέρας δυο παιδιών, διδάσκει ειδικά θέματα εξωτερικού εμπορίου και κοινωνικής δικτύωσης, σε επιχειρήσεις και οργανισμούς. Ασχολείται ενεργά με το διαδίκτυο από το 1993 με άμεση εμπλοκή στα κοινωνικά δίκτυα και στο «ιστολογείν». Φανατικός ταξιδευτής, ερασιτέχνης φωτογράφος, μαχόμενος αγνωστικός και φιλελεύθερος. Όραμά του μια Ευρωπαϊκή Ελλάδα. https://brexians.wordpress.com
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3 Responses to Enna Hills, Sicily, Italy

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